Travellers stories: Climbing in Bolivia

Sajama National Park, Bolivia
Sajama National Park, Bolivia

In early 2018 I was looking at different options to extend my climbing skills. I actually had Alaska’s Mount McKinley and Nepal’s Ama Dablam peaks on my radar. Then I saw a climbing itinerary in Bolivia that would involve climbing four mountains in three weeks.

Each ascent would vary in technical difficulty and include more advanced ice climbing than what I had experienced in Nepal. To top it off, the mountains were all highly accessible, all within a few hours’ drive of La Paz. This was perfect and after being edged on to ‘go for it’, I was in!

On 15 July I headed to Santiago in Chile and then on to La Paz the next day. La Paz is at an elevation of 3600m and the neighbouring city of El Alto at 4000m. Comparing it to my hike in Nepal, it took us a solid 10 days of trekking to reach these altitudes!

After a couple of days in La Paz we headed to Lake Titicaca (4000m) to further acclimatise and learn more about the fascinating history and culture of the high Andes.

Having booked on a group expedition with World Expeditions, unfortunately no one else signed up for this trip, so they offered me the option of having a private tour. I could see the pros and cons of this and, after weighing it up, decided to go ahead.

The team

Having a dedicated guide was great. Rudy was my cultural guide for La Paz, Lake Titicaca, Copacabana and the Island of the Sun and his knowledge was exceptional.

Jose (otherwise known as Chapaco) was my mountain guide for Condoriri and Huayna Potosi and, finally, Juan was my mountain guide for Illimani.

Celebrating a successful Huayna Potosi summit with a stunning sunrise |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

For all my time in the mountains, we were also joined by Pancho, our fantastic cook (who also assisted in climbing on Illimani).

Ramiro was our main driver as we spent many hours driving between climbing regions, mostly with Jose, Pancho and Ramiro singing along to the latest Bolivian hit songs.

Enjoying an al fresco lunch with the scenic Condoriri Valley as a backdrop |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

Condoriri Valley

After a few fun days sightseeing around Lake Titicaca, it was time to make our way to the mountains. Our first destination was Condoriri Valley.

Panoramic views of Bolivia's Condoriri Valley |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

The night before arriving in Condoriri, we had been in Copacabana and an enormous storm had lashed the town – plunging the hotel into darkness for many hours. When we arrived into Condoriri, the storm was still present. We made the hour-long hike to base camp through a hail storm.

The next day more snow was falling but nonetheless we set off for our first summit, Pico Austria or sometimes called Cerro Negro. What would have been a straightforward hike up to 5,350m became more challenging as the conditions worsened with heavy snow falls. We made good time to the summit (3.5 hrs) but found the return difficult and slippery due to the snow conditions.

Snow fell all afternoon and that night gale force winds battered my tent. However, the next day, the winds calmed to reveal beautiful clear skies.

We spent a few hours on the glacier undertaking some basic alpine skills training, including abseiling into a deep crevasse, where you could hear a stream flowing deep below.

Alpine skills training in Bolivia's Condoriri |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

We met several groups coming off the glacier after having attempted to summit Pequeño Alpamayo. Most had been turned back due to the deep snow on the glacier. One group had taken eight hours to reach Pico Tarija.

We set out at 3am for our summit attempt of Pico Tarija (5320m) and then Pequeño Alpamayo (5379m). The night was beautiful and clear with no wind. It was an hour to the glacier and then two and a half hours to the summit of Pico Tarija.

The first summit on the Bolivia mountaineering expedition. At the top of Pico Tarija (5320m) |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

It was hard going in calf-to-knee deep snow. We were also the one group on the mountain this morning, which was unusual as we had watched multiple groups over the preceding days make their way up the glacier.

Being the only people on the mountain was a really special experience.

Pequeño Alpamayo

From the summit of Pico Tarija we had to climb down a steep and rocky path to a snowy ridge that would connect across to Pequeño Alpamayo. The climbing was exposed but incredibly beautiful as first light appeared over the Andes. From here, it was a steep and exposed climb to the summit that we tackled as three to four separate pitches.

At 9:30am we reached the summit and were rewarded with spectacular views over the range – with Huayna Potosi (6088m), our next objective, clearly in sight. We struggled through waist deep snow on our return and finally reached camp at 11:30am. Despite the tough conditions, we had made good time and had a great adventure.

I had been pushed well and truly out of my comfort zone on the steeper and more exposed parts of the route.

Summit sucess! Mountaineer at the top of Pequeno Alpamayo (5425m) |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

Jose did a great job in keeping the climbing safe and improving my skills and confidence at the same time. The next day we headed back down the valley to meet our car. It was another stunning day as evidenced by the photos. Huayna Potosi After a night in La Paz, we headed out to Huayna Potosi base camp.

Huayna Potosi has alpine refuges at both base camp and high camp, which means no tents were required. However, you needed to be comfortable with communal living and sleeping.

While it was only two and a half hours from base camp to high camp, it involved an ascent of 800 metres which was very steep and involved switch backs up a rocky and snowy ridge. For the last one and a half hours into high camp we used our crampons.

The camp itself was wedged on a rocky ridge just before the start of the glacier. Where the refuge at base camp had been freezing cold – constantly caught in the shadow of the mountain – high camp was exposed to direct sun and was akin to a sauna.

I spent the afternoon in the refuge talking with the other climbers (the first time I had met other English-speaking climbers on the trip) and relaxed ahead of the summit push early the next morning. Jose and I decided to leave last out of the high camp refuge. Most groups left between 1am and 2am.

We headed off at 2:30am (although had originally planned to leave at 3am) in perfect conditions – clear skies, compacted snow on the glacier and no wind. There were at least 10 other groups on the mountain. We moved quickly up the glacier and overtook half of the other climbers by the time we reached the steeper headwall.

We kept moving quickly and were soon making our way up the final steep switch backs to the summit. We had to slow down on the last stretch to the summit as we were too early for sunrise!

As it was, we were the second group to summit that morning and had to wait 20 minutes on the summit for the sun to rise, but it was well worth the wait! First light and then the arrival of the sun was unforgettable.

We watched the shadow of the mountain stretch over Lake Titicaca, catching thick clouds hanging over the Amazon rainforest to the East.

The descent was equally as spectacular, with the early morning sun and clear skies highlighting the glacier features that had been hidden in the darkness of the early morning ascent. Walking down the glacier, Illimani (6438m) – our final objective – loomed large in front of us.

The descent from Huayna Potosi |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>


After a rest day in La Paz, we were on our way back to the mountains.

The drive to Illimani base camp was an adventure in itself. Bolivia has the dubious title of having the 'Most Dangerous Road in the World' and I could see how. The dirt road to Illimani wound its way across steep valleys and ravines, linking the small villages that farm the fertile slopes of the mountain.

Illimani is an imposing mountain, clearly visible from most parts of La Paz. After four hours of bone rattling dirt roads, we finally came to base camp – a beautiful open meadow sitting below the steep rocky ridge where high camp sat. Alpacas, lamas, sheep and horses all grazed in the meadow surrounding base camp.

Tent views from our camp in Illimani |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

From base camp, it was a hard day's hike to high camp – called the Condors Nest. From base camp (4600m) we made our way to 5000m for lunch after two hours of solid hiking. The next 500m of elevation gain involved a very steep ascent up a rocky ridge.

After over two weeks of climbing, there is no doubt that this was hard going. I arrived at high camp at around 3pm. The setting for high camp was spectacular and definitely worth the effort. Condors and falcons were playing in the updrafts surrounding high camp – which is wedged between a rocky cliff and the glacier.

It was evident from high camp that the route to summit was going to be very steep, straight out of camp!

Settling down at Illimani high camp |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

On our way to high camp, we had met three groups returning from their summit attempt, who had all turned around at 'La Bola' – the final steep headwall. The ice on the headwall was very hard, making protecting it difficult.

One group had also felt the cracking of the glacier near the crevasse at the base of La Bola. This didn't bode well for our own summit attempt.

We headed off at 3am and, as expected, it was steep and hard going right out of camp. The conditions were very icy. I became very familiar with the Spanish word 'hielo' – icy. Juan and Pancho protected several short sections which were icy and exposed.

After three and a half hours we reached c.6100m and was just below the La Bola headwall. We decided that it would not be safe to attempt La Bola in these conditions and so we reluctantly turned around, just 300 metres from the summit.

Views on the climb up Illimani |  <i>Anthony Bohm</i>

We returned to high camp at 8:30am and, after a short rest, started the steep descent to base camp. In total, we had ascended 750 vertical meters and descended 1850 vertical metres in 10 hours.

Despite not reaching the summit of Illimani, the views had been spectacular, and it had been a real adventure.

Words and photos by Anthony Bohm who completed the Summits of Bolivia expedition in July 2018. Read more about Anthony's adventure travels at his blog

Mountaineering, Climbing, Bolivia, Cordillera Real

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